Physical activity and health
Physical activity and health: children and adolescents
When the practice of physical activity is acquired in childhood it tends to become an integral part of the person’s lifestyle. Generally as children you learn those behaviors that persist over time and that can have an influence on health in later ages. Among the factors characterizing lifestyles, physical, recreational or sporting activity has a priority role for health and is of particular importance in the developmental age. Numerous scientific evidences in fact demonstrate that carrying out physical activity regularly promotes growth and development in childhood, with multiple benefits for physical, mental and cognitive health, functional to achieving harmonious development.
Participation in physical activities can also support the social development of children, offering them opportunities for personal expression, the construction of self-esteem, interaction and social integration, skills and abilities useful for future life.
In adolescents it has been observed that physical activity also influences different aspects of lifestyle, favoring the adoption of healthy behaviors including correct eating habits, renouncing alcohol and cigarette smoking.
For all these reasons, in school age the daily practice of movement, from games to other activities, both at school and during free time, is particularly important.